New energy vehicles refer to vehicles that use unconventional vehicle fuels as their power source, including four types: hybrid electric, pure electric, fuel-powered batteries, and other new energy vehicles. For now, existing new energy vehicles generally use lithium-ion batteries as power sources.
However, most battery production relies on coal-based fossil fuel thermal power generation. This process will cause a lot of pollution. Whether the service life of new energy vehicles and the battery life can offset the pollution in the production process is a problem. In terms of emissions, electric vehicles are more environmentally friendly than fuel-fueled vehicles, but from the perspective of the entire life cycle of battery energy, the combined costs of pollution from power generation, conversion losses, and final recycling seem to be less expensive than traditional fuel vehicles.
In fact, industry experts have long explained this statement. Many people's analysis is based on the previous pollutant emissions of thermal power generation. In fact, since 2010, the cleanliness of domestic thermal power generation has been greatly improved, and pollutant emissions have been reduced by about 70%. Moreover, with the development of technology, about 50% of renewable energy will be connected to the grid by 2025, and the emission of various invisible pollutants will also be reduced.
In addition, regarding the issue of battery recycling, many people's understanding of batteries still remains at that a discarded AA battery will pollute 1 square meter of land for 50 years. In fact, countries with high mercury content have long banned the production of batteries, and the lithium-ion batteries commonly used in electric vehicles are mainly copper and plastic films. Unlike small batteries, although there are pollutants, they are an important source of electrode coating materials.
Moreover, as more and more electric vehicles enter the market, many companies are also busy rushing to lay out the beach and actively carry out innovative research on battery recycling technology.
For example, professional battery recycling and gradient energy storage utilization company Bangpu Cycle Technology; waste battery recycling companies GEM and Chaowei Group; and then to new energy car companies such as BAIC New Energy and BYD.
Among them, BYD uses energy storage technology to re-use batteries recovered from the market in energy storage power stations. When the service life of the power lithium battery ends, the lithium, cobalt, nickel and other metals in the battery can be chemically recycled and reused. my country Tower Corporation has also reached cooperation with 16 companies to replace lead-acid batteries by recycling vehicle batteries, and to recycle power batteries for energy vehicles.
So many companies have begun to make efforts in battery recycling and processing, and strive to gain a foothold in the emerging market of power lithium battery recycling and processing. Therefore, the development of new energy cannot be regarded as a kind of overtaking on a curve. It is just that there will be obstacles in the development of new technologies. Once we break through these technical bottlenecks, it can be expected that it will definitely bring the first after steam and oil. Three reforms of transportation energy power system.